Diet

How to do intermittent fasting? Is intermittent fasting harmful?

Stating that historians told about the habit of eating 2 times a day during the Ottoman period, Altay said that fasting in monotheistic religions is also a type of periodic famine.

Noting that an intermittent faster divides the day into “time to eat” and “hours to get hungry,” Altai said fasting duration typically ranges from 12 to 24 hours. type of hunger.

prof. Dr. Altay describes the most common types of intermittent fasting as “the 16/8 diet, which is based on the principle of fasting for 16 hours and eating for 8 hours, 2 days a week with a very low calorie content (400-600 calories) and 5 days of eating optional for 5 days, and a 5/2 diet. One day is very low in calories, the next day there are fasting days, where the normal diet continuously follows each other.

“Revealed that the immune system may be better”

Referring to research on intermittent fasting, Altay shared some of the observed results: it has been shown to kill itself, increase recovery activity in the body, strengthen the defense system, and make the body more resilient to harsh conditions.

As a result of this, it has been observed that disease rates in animals are lower and life expectancy is increased. Energy production efficiency is achieved through the use of fatty acids and ketone bodies in intermittent fasting. The positive effects of ketone bodies on the brain, nerves, aging, cancer, and the cardiovascular system have also been demonstrated.

It is known that in obesity, the immune system is suppressed under the influence of excess adipose tissue, an inflammatory and inflammatory process called “chronic inflammation” occurs, the microbial beneficial structure called “intestinal microbiota” is disturbed, and substances toxic to the body are released. cells called “free oxygen radicals” increase.

“We do not recommend intermittent fasting for people with specific medical conditions”

prof. Dr. Mustafa Altai noted that some studies have shown that substances called “cytokines”, responsible for the action of bacterial and viral infections and mediating inflammation, are at lower levels during intermittent fasting and fasting in Ramadan.

Claiming that other studies have seen that intermittent fasting does not adversely affect natural immune parameters such as neutrophil count and circulating immune complex, the opinion is accepted.” gave his assessment.

Emphasizing that intermittent fasting should be done under the supervision of a doctor and dietitian, Altay said: “We do not recommend intermittent fasting for people with special conditions and diseases, such as chronic diseases such as severe heart and kidney failure, diabetics with poor blood sugar control , people with low blood sugar, the elderly, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.” warned.

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