Dietary treatment of Graves’ disease – Kadı

Graves’ disease This is a disease that cannot be diagnosed and treated for years. But for the most part, Graves’ disease can be managed well with a healthy diet. So let’s take a look at what Graves’ disease is, what are its symptoms, and how we can help it live relatively symptom-free through a healthy diet.

What is Graves’ disease?

Also known as Graves’ disease or autoimmune hyperthyroidism. basis The disease usually affects the thyroid gland and causes conditions such as goiter (an enlarged thyroid gland) or hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), accompanied by typical symptoms such as trouble sleeping, mild agitation, sudden weight loss, rapid heart rate, muscle weakness, osteoporosis, and bulging eyes.

To effectively prevent and control Graves’ disease, patients may need medications or other treatments in which nutrition plays an important role. While the foods do not cure Graves’ disease, they are good sources of antioxidants and other important nutrients for the body, thus providing significant relief.

However, in sensitive and allergy-prone people, eating certain foods can worsen the symptoms of Graves’ disease and weaken the immune system, causing flare-ups.

Graves’ disease and nutrition

Nutrition is one of the important factors supporting the prevention and control of Graves’ disease. Some foods are rich in vitamins and minerals, which help to significantly reduce the symptoms of the disease. However, there are other products that contain ingredients that cause allergies or worsen the condition.

Diet therapy for Graves’ disease

What Should Graves Patients Not Eat?

People with Graves’ disease should consult with a dietitian to determine which foods to avoid. Here are some foods to avoid;


According to research, people with thyroid conditions tend to have a higher risk of celiac disease than other people. Part of the reason is genetic. In addition, foods containing gluten complicate the treatment of autoimmune thyroid diseases, including Graves’ disease.

There are many foods and drinks that contain gluten today, so you should read the nutrition label carefully before consuming them. Gluten is commonly found in: rye, barley, wheat and wheat products, and grains such as brown wheat.


Nutritionists have found that excess iodine in the body causes symptoms of hyperthyroidism in the elderly or worsens in those who already have the condition. However, iodine is still a very important nutrient for health, so it is best to take adequate supplements so as not to lead to cases of iodine deficiency or excess in the body.

Some foods are high in iodine, such as: cheese, dairy products such as yogurt, bread, cod, certain types of seaweed or seaweed.


Too much caffeine from coffee and tea can make certain symptoms worse, such as increased heart rate, weight loss, and anxiety. It’s especially important to be mindful of how much caffeine you’re consuming if you have Graves’ disease, as caffeine may partly contribute to this in people who don’t have the disease.

animal meat

Some evidence also shows that people who eat salty foods are more likely to develop hyperthyroidism than those who eat a vegetarian diet. For this reason, people with Graves’ disease should limit their consumption of animal meats, including fish, chicken, or pork.

What is the treatment for Graves’ disease?

Along with the foods to avoid, Graves patients should also include the following foods to help ease the symptoms of the disease.

Foods rich in calcium

Hyperthyroidism makes it harder for the body to absorb calcium. This can negatively affect bone health, causing problems such as brittle bones and osteoporosis.

Thus, eating a diet rich in calcium can control the unpleasant symptoms caused by Graves’ disease. Some foods contain calcium: almonds, broccoli, cabbage, okra, sardines.

Foods Rich in Vitamin D

In fact, vitamin D is an essential nutrient and makes it easier for the body to absorb calcium from food. Most vitamin D is produced in the skin by absorbing sunlight. It is also abundant in certain foods such as: sardines, tuna, salmon, mushrooms.

Foods rich in magnesium

Magnesium deficiency also significantly affects the absorption of calcium by the body. When this happens, the symptoms of Basedow’s disease may become more severe. To control them, you should add foods rich in this mineral, for example: dark chocolate, avocados, almonds, cashews, pumpkin seeds, legumes.

Selenium Rich Foods

One of the most important factors in the development of thyroid disease in people with Graves’ disease is selenium deficiency. Selenium is an antioxidant as well as an essential mineral in the body. Deficiency of this mineral can lead to conditions such as bulging pupils or double vision. You should get more selenium from the following foods:
brown rice, mushrooms, seeds, sardines.

What should be the diet for hypothyroidism?

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